Parody It is a word that comes from Latin parody and that has its most remote origin in the Greek language. Specifically, we can establish that parody is a term that is made up of three perfectly defined parts: the prefix for-, which can be translated as “next to”; the word oide, which acts as a synonym for "song"; and finally the suffix -ia, which is equivalent to "quality".
It is a burlesque imitation that caricatures a person , a work of art or a certain theme.
As a satirical work, parody appears in various artistic and media genres. The film industry, television, the music and the literature They usually make parodies of political events or other works. Usually appeals to the irony and to exaggeration to convey a burlesque message and to entertain viewers, readers or listeners.
The parodies would have arisen in ancient Greek literature, with poems that imitated disrespectfully the contents or forms of other poems. The Romans also developed parodies as imitations of humorous style, as did French neoclassical literature.
"Don Quijote of La Mancha" , the famous work of Miguel de Cervantes , is usually described as a parody that mocks the books of chivalry. Heroism and the values transmitted by this type of works are subverted by Cervantes With humor and irony.
In the same way, it should be noted another work that is considered a parody of society at the time it was published. We are referring to "Gulliver's Travels", written by Jonathan Swift in the year 1726. It tells us the adventures of a captain who will live countless adventures in various lands where in some cases it will be a giant among dwarves and in others will be the dwarf among giants.
In the cinematographic field, it is necessary to underline that there are many films that are responsible for parodying society or other previous films. Among the most significant cases we should highlight, for example, the American production "Scary Movie". This, which has several parts and has been directed by the Wayans brothers, is a clear parody of the horror series "Scream."
Saga that has been taken to the big screen by the filmmaker Wes Craven and that revolves around the figure of the young Sidney Prescott, who in his different deliveries will be chased by a murderer who adopts the identity of Ghostface. Thus, under a hidden appearance, he ends the life of the people around the girl and tries to do the same with hers.
"The Simpsons" It is a television program that is characterized by the presentation of parodies of all kinds. On some occasions, family characters imitate behaviors and acquire typical poses of famous personalities in the introduction of the chapters. Other parodic scenes appear in the middle of the stories or are already established within the series, such as the attitude of Krusty the Clown (A parody of children's entertainers who, in reality, have no sympathy with children).