Siphon It is a concept with multiple uses. The word comes from Latin sipho, although its faraway etymological origin leads us to the language Greek
The first meaning mentioned by the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) refers to tube curved or with elbows that allows extract a liquid contained in a container .
According to its design, a siphon allows the Water contained pass under or over something. The Romans, for example, used siphons in the construction of their aqueducts .
The siphons, thus, appear in works by engineering , home appliances and hydraulic installations . Its applications are diverse, and have been changing over the decades.
One of the applications of the siphon has the purpose of cross earth depressions , and for this you must make use of its oldest variant. A situation in which this takes place would be the following: an obstacle prevents the course of a channel, its elevation is lower than that of the latter, and it is not possible to make a normal interruption by using a road or other channel, normal is to use a tube to pass under the obstacle and to resume the elevation of the canal when the terrain is adequate. The shape of said tube is like that of a 'u' and this serves for a large number of similar problems.
The principle that takes action in such a case is called of the communicating vessels . It should be noted that to avoid complications arising from high hydraulic pressure at the base of said siphon, it is important to use reinforced tubes, with sufficient capacity to resist it.
Sanitary appliances, such as toilets, sinks and sinks, are fundamental elements of any modern building, and the siphon meets one of its applications in this area, specifically to allow them to discharge water and thus the remains of food and other wastes do not stay in the pipes and rot. As can be seen, the function In this case, it seeks both health protection (putrefaction could lead to pests and infections) and aesthetics (the bad smell is not compatible with the image we currently have of a home or an office).
The washing machine, also known as washing machine, is one of the appliances that take advantage of the principles of the siphon for its operation. In this case, it is about inverted siphon , and takes place when the device takes the products to apply them to clothing: they are in the drawer-shaped compartment and do not reach the top of the siphon, but when the level rises due to the opening of a valve, the phenomenon known as siphoning begins.
Also called siphon al container containing Carbonated water (also called carbonated water or soda ), a regular drink in many countries.
These siphons of carbonated water used to be built with glass although, over the years, they were manufactured with plastic since they are safer. This is because, being packed to Pressure , they run the risk of exploding. The siphons have a valve linked to a tube that reaches the bottom of the bottle and has, at the other end, exit to the outside. At the press of a button, carbonated water passes through the tube and leaves the siphon.
In the field of biology , the siphon is called anatomical structure which allows water to circulate. This can be seen in octopus , water snails , squid , clams and other animals There are insects that also have siphons that allow them to breathe, acting similar to a snorkel.