To lay down the meaning of the concept of figurative meaning, we must first establish the definition of each of its parts separately.
The notion of sense It has several uses: it can be the physiological process of reception and recognition of stimuli; of the understanding wave reason ; of the full significance ; or of orientation in space.
The concept of figurative it works like a adjective which applies to what uses rhetorical figures.
Literary resources are those that allow us to create varied images playing with the meaning of the words and the sounds that represent them. Through these resources we can vary the orthodox or literal meaning of the words to give them nuances that give writing a broad universe where its meaning is not explicit but equals a semantic value away from the true value of the lexical signifier. He figurative sense arises when playing with the meaning of the words and relating them to an idea or image different from the one that corresponds categorically.
The figurative sense replaces the literal meaning of a word to create new relationships between the subject of a sentence and its definition. Thus, if someone tells us that a place is the Bermuda Triangle of the region, it does not mean that it is called that, which suggests that strange disappearances take place there, which is a place where they usually take place silent robberies or fortuitous disappearances, as occurs in the homonymous place known to all.
The figurative meaning in the literature
Talk about literal meaning when you say something wanting to express exactly what the dictionary assumes that word means. Donkey: solipede animal of the equidae family.
Talk about figurative sense When a term with a new meaning is used, it is not found in the dictionary. Donkey: hard person of understanding.
The figurative sense is very frequent in the literature , although its use has been extended to everyday language.
Many times figurative sense is used to establish relationships between the personality of a human and certain iconic characteristics attributed to some animals . For example: "The wheel played like a lion and did not give any ball for loss", "The Jamaican was a gazelle and again prevailed in the hundred meters free", “The Argentine boxer is an elephant: strong, but slow”.
Sometimes figurative sense does not entail comparison , but it is a exaggeration of a real action . For example, if a father tells his son that if he ignores him, he will send him to an orphanage, what he suggests is to obey him or, otherwise, the consequences will not be pleasant for him.
Among the literary resources those who mainly work with the figurative sense are: metaphor (direct relationship between two objects naming the second only their quality), personification (provide an animal with human attitudes), simile or comparison (direct relationship between two objects naming them and showing their close connection), hyperbole (relationship between two objects to give the former an exaggerated sense), irony (express the opposite to the true meaning that you want to give the message) and paradox (unite two ideas that a priori are irreconcilable but which, when abstracted, can express a deep and logical image).
Given all this we can conclude that figurative sense serves to provide words with a renewed air that allows us to establish new meanings or relate them to objects or subjects that at a glance are totally away from them.