The concept of Health refers to physical and psychic well-being of an individual. Although the idea is usually associated with the absence of diseases, health transcends this issue. Social , meanwhile, is that linked to the society (the group of individuals that live in a region and share the same culture).
The notion of social health is associated with welfare state that one person has according to surrounding conditions . The health of the human being, both physical and mental, always depends on the socioeconomic context.
Social health, therefore, focuses on the circumstances that condition the subject's well-being . These are the conditions derived from the distribution of resources and the power , related to the policies that are developed locally and internationally.
Suppose a person is born and raised in a precarious house, which lacks access to drinking water. In its neighborhood there are open-air dumps and dirt roads that flood when it rains. To access a hospital, you must travel several kilometers, since there are no medical centers in the zone .
All these conditions that make social health affect the well-being of this person, as well as that of all their neighbors. These individuals are in a vulnerability situation against various diseases derived from their living conditions. To improve the social health of the neighborhood in question, the State You should make investments that allow you to expand your drinking water service, clean up the environment, build a medical center, etc.
As you can see, the determinants of social health are all those circumstances that surround the lives of people since they are born, and that accompany them throughout their development and their insertion into the system. There are many factors that contribute to the reality of each individual, and most depend on the government and the authorities, since it is they who should guarantee all citizens well-being and equal opportunities .
One of the most discussed points in this context is public health, since in many countries the free health care service is precarious and insufficient to meet the real ones needs from the people. While in places like England there is a bright network of well-organized, hygienic and free-of-charge care facilities, there are too many examples of the opposite situation: hospitals where professionals are hostile, waiting times are too long and hygiene shines for their absence.
Childhood is the key moment of our life, and it is the time when governments should focus more to ensure the welfare of the people. Some of the most widespread proposals to achieve social health is offer all children the same quality of teaching until they complete their secondary education: if all people had access to high-level education from small to youth, the decrease in illiteracy and, consequently, poverty and crime.
Also during childhood but throughout the rest of the growth stages, it is very important to have a environment favorable for personal and professional development. Clean and safe streets, parks in good condition, schools and libraries with a wide variety of genres are some of the fundamental requirements. But in addition to safety, health and access to education, it is very important to offer the population a space for leisure and entertainment, provided they are taken as sporadic moments that serve to renew energy and continue building.