TOC is the initials corresponding to obsessive-compulsive disorders , which are part of the so-called anxiety disorders . OCD is characterized by thoughts that appear again and again and that lead the person to repeat the same behavior numerous times with the intention of minimizing the anxiety caused by those thoughts.
The obsession is precisely an idea, image or impulse that takes place in a recurring and persistent way, and that is not experienced voluntarily but invades the awareness and it makes no sense and can even be unpleasant. These characteristics make the obsession something egodistonic, dissonant or in conflict with the goals and needs of the ego.
Compulsion means any behavior that is repeated and that looks like a whim , to follow an exaggerated rule with the purpose of reducing the anxiety generated by an obsession. One of its most striking features is the apparent resistance that accompanies it, since the subject does not always want to perform it or is not convinced of its potential utility; especially adults who suffer from OCD do not find their compulsions meaningful, nor do they feel pleasure in being carried away by them.
Suppose a person has a obsession With safety. The fear of suffering a problem of this nature generates great anxiety and leads to a TOC: the subject needs check that the door of your house is well closed . In this way, when he is at home, he repeatedly passes through the door and pushes it to confirm that it is closed correctly. This TOC, classified as checker (see explanation below), prevents him from leading a normal life since the person constantly interrupts his activities to go to control the door.
TOCs, therefore, can produce disability . The patient, in addition to repeating behaviors, may experience a intense guilt by failing to control the compulsion. Your family and friends, on the other hand, may get angry at your behavior.
To treat a TOC, it is possible to appeal to the psychotherapy (either behavioral, cognitive or a combination of both) and the provision of drugs . In the case of drugs , aim to minimize the symptoms through an action on the serotonin , an important neurotransmitter. The paroxetine , the fluvoxamine and the fluoxetine These are some of the drugs that are usually prescribed for the treatment of OCD.
Most frequent types of OCD:
* verifiers : As expressed in the example of the person who checks again and again if he has locked his door, this type of OCD is characterized by excessive inspection of certain elements to protect himself from a very serious event. There are who control constantly electrical connections, gas outlets and drawers, among many other objects, to make sure to avoid accidents of various kinds. It is important to note that his concern is not only for his own welfare, but for that of others;
* washers and cleaners : in this case, the obsessions point to the prevention of the spread of certain diseases or of the contamination . Dirt is the worst enemy of a person with a TOC of this type, so they not only repeatedly clean every room in their homes, but make sure they wear gloves and disinfect their hands after each session. As expected, they never manage to feel the security they seek - involuntarily - with their compulsions;
* accumulators : unlike the two previous types, who become obsessed with the state of certain objects and the consequences that this can cause them, the accumulators are dedicated to collect things that for most people may seem insignificant, and do not get rid of them.