The first thing to do to know what the meaning of the verb retract is to know its etymological origin. And in this sense it must be stated that it derives from Latin, specifically from “retractare,” that a verb is the result of the sum of the following components:
-The prefix "re-", which means "backwards".
-The noun "tractus", which is synonymous with "stretch."
-The suffix "-ar", which is used to shape certain verbs.
Recant is a verb which refers to invalidate or cancel something that was said before . Who retracts, therefore, disdain or show your repentance by certain words he uttered.
For example: “The deputy is going to have to retract his sayings: his expressions constitute an insult”, "Be calm that, if you show me that I am wrong, I will retract", "Before the stir caused by his statements, the player had to retract".
Retraction may arise spontaneously and sincerely inside the person or be forced for another or others. Suppose a man, in a moment of anger, accuses his partner of "swindler" in the middle of a business meeting. Hours later, calmer, he understands that he was wrong and then decides to withdraw: he apologizes to his partner and sends an email to everyone who was present at the meeting stating that his sayings were wrong.
In other cases, people retract by pressure or to avoid being sued. A politician can accuse another of "racist". This second leader, outraged, threatens to sue who insulted him. In this way, the subject who poured the accusation has to retract to avoid a bigger problem, although he does not really regret his sayings.
On television, for example, it is common for collaborators and program speakers to have to resort to the action of retracting. And, as is often the case in debates "heated" by the environment, it is common that in this heated discussion certain manifestations are made about the person in front of them who can question their professionalism or the reasons that There are behind their arguments.
For that reason, after they have made certain comments, many choose to withdraw and apologize publicly, since that is the way to avoid being sued before a court.
However, sometimes, public figures retract their words simply so that they are not misunderstood or if they have been able to cause some discomfort. Thus, for example, the Spanish politics of the Popular Party Esperanza Aguirre on occasion have had to retract their comments on the actions undertaken by the President of his party and the country, Mariano Rajoy, in order not to create conflict with it.
“Retractions” finally it is a work from San Agustin where he reflects on his previous books. It presents a prologue and then an analysis that is divided into two large sections.