The action and effect of repudiating it is known as repudiation . This concept, which comes from the Latin word repudium, indicates the rejection of something or its non-acceptance . For example: "Strong repudiation of the words of the British president", “The club leaders called for an act of repudiation in the face of violence”, "The president was surprised at the people's repudiation".
Repudiation can be expressed in various ways. A spontaneous act of repudiation it can be a boo, a whistle or a chorus of insults before an action in a field of game or before a public speech. If a soccer player hits an opponent without a ball, he is likely to be repudiated by the public, or at least by the supporters of the team in which the attacked athlete plays.
Other acts of repudiation are premeditated and require a certain organization . When U.S attacked Iraq , several leftist political parties called for marches of repudiation before the American embassies. In this way, they initiated a campaign to invite protesters to protest and then developed certain actions within the framework of the event (speeches, concerts, etc.).
Repudiation can also be documented and made known through a publication or of one letter. In the face of an actor's anti-Semitic statements, a non-governmental organization may decide to write a petition in which it expresses its repudiation of said statements and asks the artist for punishment for his discriminatory comments. Said request is sent to the media and published in the Web page of the NGO .
Etymology of the term
As mentioned at the beginning of the article, the Latin origin of the word repudiation is repudium, whose meaning indicates rejection or act of rejection towards something that produces shame. In turn, this term has its root in the verb pudet, which means causing shame; by prefixing the prefix re-, its definition acquires a backward movement, a retreat to the moment in which there was no such feeling.
In ancient Rome and in Greece, to name two examples, this term represented a right which, today, is repudiable in itself: the exclusive power of the man to reject his wife and send her back to his home, based on one of several possible reasons, such as that she could not get pregnant and offer her offspring that he intended, that he did not have the conduct considered respectable in his time or that a woman of a richer family or of more political weight would have appeared on the scene.
The reputation of the victims of this unfair power it was stained forever, especially in the case of Greece, given that the functions reserved for women were those of mother and wife, and this rejection was based on their supposed impossibility to carry them out. Therefore, they had to spend the rest of their days in the paternal house, dedicating themselves to the tasks of a maid and knowing that they would never have the opportunity to marry again, something that in that context was far from being a punishment.
Incredible as it may seem, in certain countries and cultures in which divorce is not a right, repudiation of women is still valid. Note that in the action of "sending the woman back home" you can appreciate the meaning of returning the weather back that provides the prefix re-.
It is curious that such a macho attitude has been backed by a term that, at present, is one of the tools to fight against machismo. We repudiate what we want to reverse, that we do not want to exist, either because it represents an injustice or because it seems detrimental to the balance of life.