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The term survey is not recognized by the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ), although it is often used in some South American countries. The concept would seem to come from relieve , a word with several meanings: replace or change something or someone; remove a load; excuse.

Its use, however, is not linked to these actions. A survey is a revision , a investigation or a study Of something. What is done by relieving, in this sense, is to register true information which is detected from an observation.

For example: "A survey of the Ministry of Public Works found that, in the province, 24% of homes lack drinking water", “I am conducting a survey on Latin American soccer players who have played in African teams”, "A team of economists is doing a price survey in various markets of the city".

In the area of ​​administration and finance, specifically in regard to systems analysis, it is common to use the term survey that concerns us. In this case, it is defined and characterized by the following aspects:
-Your objective is none other than to determine the real and existing situation that exists in a specific system. Hence, it becomes an exhaustive and detailed investigation of each and every one of the vertices of that one, of the organization in question.
-That process can last between a month and a month and a half.
-The methods that will be used by those who carry out the survey to be able to collect and collect all the documents and relevant information are many. However, among the most common are the questionnaire, the personal interview, the estimates, the personal observation, the preparation of reports, the work meetings, the sampling ...

In order to carry out the aforementioned operation, it is essential that the person or persons in charge of it establish what is called the survey plan. This is a document that is necessary to be composed of the following two basic sections: background and execution. In the first section, for example, both the identification of the problem and the context must be included. On the other hand, in the second, the techniques to be used, the priorities or what will be the establishment of the different tasks to be performed have to be determined.

Take the case of a non-governmental organization (NGO ) that wants to improve the quality of life of an indigenous community. To meet your most urgent needs, make a survey in the area, interviewing the inhabitants and recording in images various problems that are noticed when traveling the region (pollution of a river, lack of infrastructure, etc.). Upon completing the survey, the NGO It will determine what are the priority actions to help the community in question.

Inspectors, on the other hand, can make a survey in stores to see how many business They are not complying with current tax regulations. The survey allows punishing those who are missing and preparing a report that is then presented at a press conference.

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