It is called ballistics to the discipline focused on the analysis of displacement and the effects of the bullets and of others projectiles . The concept is also used as an adjective to refer to that linked to this discipline.
Ballistics studies the chemical and physical issues inherent in the movement of different types of projectiles, such as bullets, missiles and rockets. The trajectory and the strength in the behavior of a projectile according to the environment are among the themes analyzed by this specialty.
The material, the appearance and the temperature The projectile also forms part of the ballistics study object, which seeks to provide details of the entire process: from the moment of the shot to the impact.
Ballistics has concrete applications that are very important. In the case of forensic ballistics , is responsible for the study of firearms and projectiles involved in a crime . Your contributions, many times, help resolve crimes and to find those responsible.
When analyzing bullets and weapons, or the effects of a projectile on a body , forensic ballistics can provide information on who shot, with what weapon, from where, in which direction, etc.
As can be seen, the analysis The study of ballistics implies a large number of data that not only focus on the projectiles themselves and their characteristics, but also on the environment in which they were fired and on their way through it. In addition to forensic medicine, another area in which this discipline is very important is the military.
Ballistics is divided into three branches:
* indoor ballistics : it focuses on the study of the phenomena that take place within the weapon , since they feed it until the projectile is fired;
* outdoor ballistics : observe everything that happens from the moment the bullet leaves the weapon until it collides with its target or loses force and falls The trajectory and the effects of the environment on the projectile are two of the points of interest in this field;
* ballistics terminal : Analyze the effects of projectile collision against a target.
Suppose that, in an open field, the body of a man with a head shot . Investigators find out that this individual had been threatened days ago by a neighbor. Upon arriving at the suspect's house, they find a revolver. Thanks to ballistics, the projectile found in the victim's head had been fired with this same weapon. Other tests also show that the revolver in question was actually used by the dead man's neighbor. In this way the ballistics allows solving the case.
Police television series are among the most popular worldwide, although those from the United States seem to enjoy the greatest success, since they are exported to a large number of countries with the corresponding dubbing. Thanks to this massification of detective stories and criminal investigations , the ballistic term is already part of the vocabulary of many people outside the police field.
Needless to say, many resources are used in fiction to enhance impact of the plot that could be considered exaggerated. Usually, the main character is a detective with an almost superhuman ability to solve the cases: it is enough to look at a corpse to reconstruct the scene and determine from which point he was shot, if someone was waiting for him hidden or if it is a suicide covert. Ballistics in real life does not work so instantaneously.