It is known as dramaturgy he art of composing and representing a history about him stage . At the same time, playwright He is the one who writes the works to be represented in theater or adapt other books to that format.
The playwright, therefore, deals with both the writing of the texts and the design of the work, since it is responsible for developing the structure of the representation. The main difference between a playwright and a writer who is dedicated to other genres is that, in the dramaturgy, conflicts happen at the same time and place where they occur.
The plays of the dramaturgy can be divided into acts which, in turn, can be fragmented into picture . The paintings, finally, are divided into scenes . The extension of each of the parts of a work can vary according to the will of the playwright. There are works that are constituted by a single act.
It is important to keep in mind that a play can be adapted to various formats. In this way, a play can be broadcast on television or reach the cinema. In all cases, the important thing is to keep the structure of actors interacting "here and now" in front of the eyes of the spectator who observes the representation of the actions.
Features of a play
For a work to be typecast within this genre, it must have a certain structure, in which various parts can be defined.
* Conflict display: the characters, the stage and the plot around which the work will revolve are presented. Conflict is the fundamental axis of a play, without it there is no drama. The presentation of the conflict varies according to the work. Depending on the vision of the playwright, it can be done from a character, as if the problem itself was an entity or from a point of view that escapes the will of the characters.
* Development of the action: as the work progresses, the conflict acquires more strength; testing the principles or faculties of the characters and giving the story a artistic character. Dramatic thinking as such arises from this contrast of a reality with the ideas of the characters and the effort they put in overcoming the vicissitudes of reality.
* Action release: when the protagonist manages to overcome the obstacle and the initial conflict no longer exists, the work is terminated. In some cases, what disappears is not the conflict but the protagonist himself.
The dramatic works represent a human conflict, from the confrontation of two opposing forces. This must be resolved based on actions carried out by the protagonist (s). And, once it has been solved, the story is concluded.
It is important to note that, unlike the texts of the narrative genre, the plays manifest their wealth from the dialogues and do not require a narrator. The story develops from chain between the various dialogues.
Although it is strongly linked to theater, dramaturgy is also present in film and television. This means that a playwright can be the author of film scripts and soap opera scripts, for example.
At the cinema, many directors are also playwrights, since they write their scripts themselves, as is the case of the Spanish Fernando León de Aranoa, who in addition to writing scripts for his films, is also the author of fantastic stories.