It is called doping to the act and the result of doping : supply certain substances in order to artificially enhance organic functioning, putting health at risk. Doping is a prohibited practice in the field of sport.
Also know as doping , doping involves the use of substances that generate an exceptional performance of the organism, although with possible side effects harmful to health. Due to this danger and that prevents normal competition and detracts from the sports spirit, doping is sanctioned in the sport professional.
Each discipline has a code that specifies which substances and methods They are prohibited. Through anti-doping control , the authorities analyze the urine of athletes in search of illicit drugs: if it is proven that an athlete incurred the doping, it is sanctioned.
The steroids they are among the most used substances in doping since they allow increasing the force and muscle mass. The narcotics On the other hand, they reduce pain and offer a calming effect. The stimulants Instead, they make the consumer more active and not feel fatigue.
It is also considered doping the consumption of diuretics . This is mainly because they help eliminate other prohibited substances and, therefore, protect the offender in the anti-doping tests.
One of the biggest doping scandals in sport was starring the American cyclist Lance Armstrong . After various accusations and investigations, Armstrong He was forced to admit that he systematically used testosterone and erythropoietin (EPO ) and that he underwent blood transfusions to achieve an improvement in his performance . Given this situation, the seven trophies he had won in the Tour de France and the bronze medal that he got in the 2000 Olympics . As if this were not enough, he was suspended for life.
Armstrong's story is one of many that can be used as an example to learn several lessons of great importance in life. On the one hand, we must respect the rules of tournaments and competitions, even if we don't like them, since most of our opponents will do so statistically, and it is unfair for them to apply illegal techniques to run with advantage.
But the most important thing is not the fact that resorting to doping is synonymous with cheating in this framework, but the lack of self-confidence it represents. While we must understand that professional athletes are forced to withstand a lot of pressure, since the fate of an entire team may depend on their performance and success, it is very sad to think that someone does not trust their knowledge and their knowledge. preparation to the point of believe you need a drug to get the victory .
Let's look at the ten infractions contemplated in article 2 of the World Anti-Doping Code :
* the presence of substances considered prohibited, or of their markers or metabolites, in the urine sample;
* use or attempt to use one of these substances or a method outside the rules during sports;
* refuse to deliver the sample;
* not show up on the date set for the test;
* manipulate or attempt to manipulate some phase of doping control;
* have a prohibited substance in your possession;
* traffic or attempt to traffic any prohibited substance or method;
* administer or attempt to administer a prohibited product to a third party within or outside a competition;
* be complicit in any of the violations on this list, both assisting an athlete and encouraging him to commit them;
* Partner with someone who has been convicted or punished for resorting to doping.