It is known as isotope to the varieties of atoms that have the same atomic number and that, therefore, constitute the same element even if they have a different mass number. Atoms that are isotopes of each other have identical amount of protons in the nucleus and they are in the same place within the periodic table .
The term isotope that concerns us now has to say that it has its etymological origin in Greek and is that it is composed of two parts of that language: isos which can be translated as "equal" and moles which means "place."
In addition to this we must highlight the fact that it was at the beginning of the 20th century when the term isotope was used for the first time. Specifically, the creator of it was the English scientist Frederick Soddy who has gone down in the history of Chemistry for having invented it and also for having carried out important research on the radioactive elements and the nature of that element.
So much so that he won important awards and awards throughout his professional career. Among those are the Nobel Prize in Chemistry that won it in 1921, the Albert Medal in 1951 or the appointment as Doctor Honoris Causa of the University of Oxford in 1910.
It should be noted that a large part of the chemical elements have more than one isotope. Barely twenty-one elements, like the sodium , have a unique natural isotope. It is possible to divide the isotopes into stable isotopes and non-stable or radioactive isotopes .
For an isotope to be radioactive , it must exhibit a proportion between its amount of neutrons and protons that is not conducive to maintaining the stability of the nucleus. The notion of stability, however, is not very accurate since there are isotopes that are considered almost stable thanks to an extremely long neutralization time.
The radioactive isotope has a unstable atomic nucleus before the balance between protons and neutrons. This same feature makes it emit Energy when it mutates towards more stable conditions. Non-stable isotopes undergo a period of disintegration where energy is emitted as beta rays , alpha or gamma .
The artificial radioactive isotopes are used in the medicine with various functions, such as the detection of blockages in blood vessels. The natural radioactive isotopes , meanwhile, are used to establish chronologies.
The Springfield isotopes Finally, it is an animated series baseball team The Simpsons .
Duff Stadium is the field in which the team plays as a local and this has starred in an important series of episodes during the various seasons of this North American television production. Specifically, the most relevant events include the moment when Homer Simpson goes on a hunger strike because he wanted to avoid at all costs that the Isotopes move out of Springfield.
Also under the term isotope we also find an online advertising agency.