It is called dysautonomy to a disorder caused by problems in the autonomic nervous system , whose function is the control and regulation of the automatic functions of the organism (such as temperature, pressure and pulse). This alteration means that the person cannot develop normal actions.
Decades ago the dysautonomy was known as neurasthenia (a weakness registered in the nervous system). Dysautonomy is understood today as a chronic and multisymptomatic condition which generates a degree of disability . For unknown reasons, women are more likely than men to experience dysautonomia.
It should not be overlooked that there are different types of dysautonomy. Thus, for example, the following stand out:
-According to its location, it can be peripheral or central. The first affects postganglionic neurons and the second affects all neurons that are found before the nodes.
-If we consider its origin it can be primary, because it does not have a definite cause and is usually degenerative, or secondary, because it appears in relation to another systemic disorder.
-Departing from what is the absence of chemical substances, the dysautonomia can be adrenergic, cholinergic or mixed. In the first there is a lack of adrenaline and in the second, acetylcholine is lacking.
Who suffers dysautonomia can feel tired Being sleepy, looking pale and presenting cold hands and feet. You may even suffer from tachycardia, dizziness and even fainting. Frequent pains of joints and head and irregularity in blood pressure are also part of this evil that it is not contagious .
In addition to the exposed symptoms, the person suffering from dysautonomia may present others such as loss of consciousness, which is perhaps one of the most identifying of this disease.
A virus , an intoxication, a trauma or an autoimmune disease can cause damage to the autonomic nervous system that results in the onset of dysautonomia. Women with dysautonomia who become pregnant, on the other hand, may register worsening or relieving symptoms, as appropriate.
Although dysautonomia cannot be cured, it is possible to develop a treatment to minimize its effects and allow the patient to develop his life in the best possible way. The doctor may prescribe certain drugs to treat certain symptom or suggest certain habits and routines (such as physical exercise and drinking lots of water, for example).
Other data of interest about this disorder are the following:
- Sometimes, due to some of its symptoms, it is often confused with depression or hypothyroidism.
-It is considered that the main risk factor that a person has to suffer from it is that there are more cases in their family. Hence, there is what is known as family dysautonomy (DF), which is what parents transmit to their children through a defective gene and which, although not usual, usually appears in people of Jewish descent in the area Eastern Europe It is interesting to know that it also responds to the name of hereditary autonomic sensory neuropathy type 3.