The Byzantine Greek eikonoklástēs, which can be translated as “Image breaker” , came to late Latin as iconoclastes. That is the immediate etymological antecedent of iconoclastic , term that in our language It has two great meanings.
According to the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ), the one who, in the 8th century , was part of a movement that rejected sacred images , destroying them, chasing their cult and attacking the people who revered them. By extension, an iconoclast is who does not recognize the authority of standards, guides or teachers .
It was the Byzantine emperor Lion III who drove the iconoclasm in the 8th century . Through various laws , encouraged the call iconoclast revolution to end the cult of images and thus achieve what he understood as an improvement in public morals. However, this decision provoked confrontations with different potatoes and motivated popular revolts.
Therefore, in the first sense mentioned by the RAE that derives from this current encouraged by Lion III , an iconoclast is an individual who intends to ruin and eliminate sculptures and sacred paintings. These are people with the opposite attitude to iconodules , who venerate images.
Iconoclasia varies according to each religion . Catholics, for example, venerate images because they do not worship the representations themselves, but what they represent. Muslims, on the other hand, are iconoclasts: they do not accept representations of the prophet Muhammad nor do they allow figures to represent people in mosques.
Iconoclast is also who does not respect leaders, statutes or codes accepted by the majority . "Lisa, the iconoclast" , in this context, is the title in Spanish of a chapter of the seventh season of The Simpson where Lisa refuses to venerate the hero Jeremiah Springfield upon discovering its dark side.