From Latin gustus, he taste is the body sense which allows to perceive chemical substances dissolved in the saliva . East sense It gives the sensation of flavor, which can be divided into four main types: sweet (like sugar), salty (the salt), acid (citrus) and bitter (Beer). Some theorists recognize the existence of a fifth flavor: umami .
Taste is linked to smell , since the smell of foods It affects the perception of taste. That's why when a person is cold often feels that food is tasteless (without flavor).
The sense of taste helps the digestion : When receiving a pleasant sensation, the secretion of saliva and gastric juices is stimulated, key elements to digest food. The taste buds found in the language They constitute the main promoter of the sense of taste.
By extension, it is known as taste flavor They have things. For example: “I love the taste that pickled pepper has”, "I will not buy this cake again: its taste is too sweet, it impales me", “Could you pass me the salt? This salad has almost no taste ”.
The pleasure that is experienced with some motive or that is received from a certain stimulus and the will or determination are also known as taste: "I'm glad you're here with us.", “It was a pleasure to have met him”, “Roberto was glad we invited him to dinner”.
Taste can be, on the other hand, the power to appreciate the beautiful or the ugly : “Your mother has good taste to dress”, "Please, throw that in the trash, it's in bad taste". This use of the term is especially subjective, since for something to be of good or bad taste it is necessary to contrast it with the opinions and ideas of a person.
Let's start by analyzing good taste. This is an assessment that varies according to the conventions social and cultural, but also according to the particular customs of each person. It is known that in some parts of the world it is normal to touch food directly with your hands, without using cutlery; transferring this way to western countries would be very difficult, given that it is a situation that opposes the concept of good taste that has been imprinted on the unconscious of its inhabitants for generations.
Similarly, being in a country with customs of this type and refusing to act like others can be considered rude. Human beings are not always aware that the normal It is part of a structure created by other people, and not of nature itself. Good taste is subject to the needs and convictions of each, as well as its limit: bad taste.
For a coroner, examining a corpse in a state of decomposition while drinking coffee and eating a croisant may seem like the most normal and everyday combination in the world; However, the mere visualization of such a picture can be a scene of a nightmare for a person outside of medicine.
Taste also represents the set of activities that attract a living being and that does not seem to choose. For example, when you first taste your (future) favorite food, something happens inside that leads you to catalog it as such and try to consume it whenever you can during the rest of your lifetime. This happens to all animals, and is also appreciated during leisure time: each dog finds a particular game especially fun, as much as we do people, and there is nothing we can do to avoid it. While a taste does not deprive another being of its freedom, it should not be questioned or sanctioned by anyone.