The pathological addiction to the games of chance and the bets it is known as gambling . This addiction consists of a irrepressible desire to play although the person He is aware of the consequences.
The etymological origin of this term is found in Latin. Thus, we can see that it is the result of the sum of two words of that language: ludus, which stands for "game", and patia, which can be translated as "disease."
In a technical sense, however, gambling is not an addiction, but a disorder at control of impulses , similar to kleptomania (compulsive theft of objects) and the pyromania (the obsession with fire).
Difficulty resisting or having repetitive behaviors are two of the situations that can lead to a person suffering from gambling. However, it cannot be denied that many others fall into this problem of gambling addiction mainly because they find in it a mechanism to release their level of stress or to escape the serious personal, work or economic problems they have.
Ludopathy is diagnosed from various symptom such as frequent thoughts about the game, irritability when trying to quit or reduce it and the use of the game as an evasion mechanism
However, there are many other symptoms that also show that someone suffers from gambling. Thus, among the most significant are these:
• He loses his job and even neglects both his personal commitments and his studies.
• Is able to get to commit crimes in order to get money to continue playing.
• You can spend a lot of time thinking about how to make money or how to recover the one you have already lost.
• Lies constantly about the time you spend playing or the amounts you have missed.
• You feel excitement when talking about the game and even when you think about playing more and more.
He ludopata It tends to try to recover game losses with new bets. Those who suffer from this condition often lie to their relatives to hide how much money they allocate to the game and are even able to ask for financial help from third parties to continue betting.
Experts argue that gambling can lead to other disorders, such as anxiety , depression Or until Heart problems derivatives of stress . To treat gambling, there are self-help groups, psychological therapies and psychiatric medication.
Importantly, when casual play becomes a regular game, a gambling disorder is more likely. In men, gambling usually begins in adolescence, while women usually develop this addiction between 20 and 40 years.
Among the most frequent treatments that exist to cope with gambling are both support and self-help groups, such as Gamblers Anonymous, as well as behavioral and cognitive therapy. Not forgetting the use, in certain cases, of antidepressants.
To relatives of a ludopath, specialists recommend that they try to explain objectively to the player what is going on, the amount of money that goes into bets and the time that he does not devote to his family. It is also important to note the irritability and nervousness of the ludopath.