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The concept of free will It is used to refer to the power to act according to the own reflection and Will . The notion is linked to philosophy, psychology and religion.

It is understood that free will is the power which has a human being of make decisions according to your individual choice . This means that the individual is not obligated or conditioned, at least absolutely.

With free will, the person can choose whether or not to act. It follows that each subject has responsibility for their Actions , since it has the possibility of not acting and, therefore, not producing the effects of its act.

Free will, in short, makes people responsible for their actions. From that faculty emanates the deserving of awards or, conversely, punishments, which are established according to moral principles.

If, thanks to free will, men and women can choose between different alternatives, even creating new ones, there is no law of nature or a God that are in a position to distort their will. However, many thinkers throughout history have questioned the existence of free will for multiple reasons, alluding to issues such as the link between body and mind or the incidence of chance.

Unconscious brain processes tend to be one of the most used reasons for refuting the existence of free will. According to this position, someone may believe that they decide "freely" when, in fact, they are obeying an instruction from their brain , in turn derived from physiological, chemical processes, etc.

Among the various points of view regarding the existence of free will is the determinism , a doctrine philosophical according to which any physical event is linked to the cause-consequence chain, which is impossible to break and determines phenomena such as actions and thinking. From its name we can deduce that the present state "determines" the future.

This close union between the present and the future, between cause and consequence, tells us about a reality in which free will has no place, since there are no various consequences alternatives to the same cause. In this frame enters the libertarianism , which supports the following statements in philosophical discussions about freedom:

* determinism is not compatible with free will;

* human beings do enjoy free will;

* determinism is false.

Those who adhere to these ideas also do so by incompatibility , a vision according to which the same action cannot be predetermined and free. One that is carried out with freedom represents only one of several possibilities. This view rejects the existence of a causal chain that determines the steps of the individual; instead, he makes himself a creator of chains causal

For him indeterminism , which is considered a form of libertarianism, free will is real and for this reason our actions are a effect causeless. Another form of libertarianism is the agency theory , according to which choosing between determinism and indeterminism represents a "false dichotomy", that is, there are more alternatives to these two extremes.

In accordance with the principles of this theory , free will revolves around the relationship between the "agent" and the "event", so it is he who provokes it through his own decisions, which he makes free. On the other hand is the compatibilism , a point of view that defines free will as something that arises from an inner cause, such as beliefs and thoughts about oneself.

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