Navigation , from Latin navigatio, is the action , the science and the art to navigate This verb refers to traveling in a boat or making a trip by air, although it can also refer to travel through a computer network.
For example: “After three hours of navigation, we arrived at San Javier Island and we found a tropical paradise of unsurpassed beauty”, "Air navigation in this area is very complicated, since storms are frequent", “On this computer, navigation is too slow: I recommend installing more memory or changing the processor”.
The Maritime navigation It is the process that begins with the departure of a boat and concludes with its arrival at the port Arrival This trip requires technical knowledge to guide the ship and overcome the inclement weather. This type of navigation can be carried out with sailing, rowing, motor, etc. If water navigation takes place in inland waterways (such as a river or a lake), there is talk of inland navigation .
In a similar sense, the air navigation It covers the practices, techniques and procedures that allow you to drive an aircraft to its destination. As in maritime navigation, the pilot must have the necessary knowledge to ensure the integrity of the crew and passengers.
Both maritime and air navigation, as well as the movement by land, are triggers of a disorder known as motion sickness, which usually causes loss of balance, nausea and vomiting, due to the repeated variation of angular and linear acceleration.
In computing, more properly on the Internet, navigation is virtual , since it does not imply physical displacement. When browsing, the user moves from one web page to another, which is a kind of route. He software that allows this process is known as browser .
Since its birth, the Internet has become a tool fundamental for all types of public, since it satisfies a large number of needs, ranging from simple entertainment to education, through one of its strongest points: the communication. Currently, surfing the Web is possible through various devices, such as mobile phones, tablet PCs, portable consoles and even televisions, without forgetting the classic desktop.
In order for a user to navigate in this virtual space, it is necessary that there is an interface that offers a series of options, either in the form of buttons, drop-down menus or, more recently, through gestures that are made with the fingers on the screen. It is a whole language that relates to the content, so that we can look for it and manipulate it to our liking, as if we were consulting books in a library.
Although in the early 90's web browsing was of interest to technology lovers and a few curious people who were seduced by the possibility of communicating with people from all over the world, today it is a normal activity of people from any age, and increasingly younger children enter this virtual ocean to furrow their increasing flow of zeros and ones.
On the other hand, the concept of navigation in the field of computing It is not limited to the Internet, since it refers to the interaction of a user with a program, either a tool or a video game, which results in its scrolling through its different sections. The term navigate is used, for example, to talk about the passage through the various options and screens of a menu, or through all parts of a graphical interface.