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The notion of minstrel goes back to the Middle Ages . This was the name of the one who went from town to town reciting, singing, dancing or entertaining people . The minstrels could even appear before the nobles and monarchs.

The minstrels, therefore, were traveling artists . They usually displayed their talent in the squares, acting in exchange for food or money . In some cases, the kings hired them to encourage banquets and celebrations. The minstrels could travel alone or join caravans of traders.

There were various kinds of minstrels. Many were dedicated to interpreting the compositions of the troubadours , who were the creators of works . There were also minstrels that were imitators or illusionists.

The difference between troubadours and minstrels, in this way, lies in authorship. The troubadours they wrote texts and composed music , focusing on topics such as heroic legends and knight adventures. The minstrels, on the other hand, used to just memorize these works and recite them to the public.

During the Middle Ages there were minstrels throughout the European continent. That's why the presentations were developed in different tongues and dialects

At present there are no longer minstrels in the same sense as in medieval times, although there are artists who develop a job Similary. The street performers that, at the end of their presentation, they pass a cap to collect the contributions of their audience, they can be considered as modern minstrels, especially if they move through different locations to perform their show.

As mentioned in previous paragraphs, the work of the minstrel was varied since his shows could include literature, music, recited stories, games or even acrobatics. Depending on the activity in which they focused, we can distinguish different types of minstrels:

* lyric : they were the ones who dedicated themselves to reciting the lyrical works that made up the troubadours;

* epic : interpreted various narrative compositions, such as deeds of deed;

* rowers : focused mainly on imitations;

* goliardos : these were homeless clergy or students with poorly organized lives;

* shrimp : these minstrels are disguised and made grotesque gestures in their presentations;

* racks : they were prestidigitators, that is, they did certain tricks mainly based on the sleight of hand;

* menestriles : unlike other types of minstrels, these did not move from one place to another but instead served a man exclusively. His main activity was music;

* cazurros : this class of minstrels did not follow any rule, but their recitals could be described as "crazy";

* jugglers and welders : these were women who danced and sang in public and wore a lifetime considered wandering

This classification is not complete, but brings together the main types of minstrels in broad strokes. For example, if we wanted to delve deeper into the differences we could talk about the voice minstrels and the from instruments, which included singing or musical instruments in their performances, respectively. Among the most common instrumentalists were the cedars, the violeros, the tromperos and the tamborreros.

The minstrels collaborated with the preservation of a priceless treasure that they transmitted in a way oral and that probably extends from medieval epic poetry to pre-Renaissance courtesan. Many of the minstrels offered their shows for free and among the works they interpreted we can highlight four themes of Castilian tradition that appeared frequently: Cantar del mio Cid; Legends of Count Fernán González; Sing of Zamora; History of the seven infants of Lara.

The resources that minstrels used to get the attention of their audience were appealing formulas addressed to her (hear, I'll tell you, know), division of the work into several parts and the use of valuation subjective .

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