The term funk not part of dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ). The word, however, is used to refer to a musical genre that emerged in the decade of 1960 from the merger developed by African-American artists of soul , R&B , jazz and Latin music .
Funk's songs give prominence to the electric bass Yet the percussion . They usually repeat a section or figure on a single chord, intertwining rhythms. James brown , George Clinton , Sly stone , Maceo Parker and Fred Wesley they are some of the singers and musicians considered as pioneers of the funk, whose apogee occurred in the '70 .
Just as funk was created from the combination of various styles , over the years it also resulted in several subgenres, such as the funk metal , he funk rock and the punk funk . Jane's Addiction , Faith No More , Red Hot Chili Peppers , Rage Against the Machine and Living color They are some of the groups that developed funk variants.
At present, funk is usually understood as a genre close to rock That can be danced. Beyond the difficulties in establishing precisely what characteristics define a musical genre, funk is usually considered to respect the 4/4 measure (four by four) and the downbeat (the accentuation of the first beat of the measure), although there are also themes backbeat (with accent in the second and fourth time).
In addition to all of the above, we cannot ignore another series of interesting facts about the funk, among which we can highlight the following:
-The history of this musical genre we can establish that it is divided into two distinct parts: From 1960 to 1980, in which it is born, it develops and consolidates, and from 1980 to the present, a phase in which they have been growing different Subgenres within him.
-Among the musical instruments that are essential to create and play funk are the electric bass, electric guitar, drums and Hammond organ. However, sometimes, you also bet on the use of trumpet or saxophone.
Among the most important artists in history that have become funk icons we can highlight some such as:
-The American singer James Brown (1933 - 2006), who is considered one of the one hundred best artists in the history of music in general. He is considered to be the true creator of funk and among his record works include "In the jungle groove" (1986), "Live at the Apollo" (1963) or "Star Time" (1991).
-Jamiroquai is a group of British origin that was launched in 1992 and whose leader is Jason Kay. It is considered a key band within the most recent funk.
-The American band Red Hot Chili Peppers, which was formed in the 80s and whose current leader is Anthony Kiedis.
It should be noted that even funk moved, in a way, to the plastic arts. The call funk art bet on the mix of techniques and materials, inspired by the passion and sensuality of musical funk.