The idea of counterculture comes from the English language (counterculture). This is the name of the set of attitudes, actions, customs and values that result opposites to the principles of culture dominant .
It can be said that the counterculture is a movement that promotes and defends these ways of life that are contrary or different from the most usual. It is generally accepted that a trend It is countercultural when there is a group of people holding it for an extended time.
The counterculture emerges as a small manifestation that remains outside the market and away from the media. Over time, this movement can add adherents and grow: the counterculture, at this point, can generate a change in the dominant culture or be absorbed for her.
He Hippie movement that emerged in the decade of 1960 It is an example of counterculture. In its origins, it was a rebel current, which demanded changes in the society . The hippies wore clothes and hairstyles that characterized them, listened to a certain type of music and even coined their own expressions. The security forces, then, persecuted the hippies and repressed their public demonstrations. Over the years, however, the dominant culture ended up integrating various facets of the hippie movement that were once countercultural. Wearing a T-shirt with the peace symbol, to name a case, is no longer countercultural.
Another example of counterculture is the punk . He burst into criticism of the established system and encouraged individual or community self-management. Today, however, punk clothing and music are part of the cultural and fashion industry.
It speaks specifically of counterculture of the 1960s to refer to a phenomenon that took place especially in the United States and in the United Kingdom, although it later reached most of the western countries between that same decade and the middle of the next. This anti-system movement gained strength simultaneously with the growth of the one fighting for civil rights in North America, and came to acquire a character revolutionary when military intervention expanded in Vietnam.
Over the years, new cultural forms began to appear, as well as a dynamic subculture that celebrated experimentation, modern versions of the Bohemian culture, and the aforementioned hippie movement, among other alternative lifestyles imposed by the majority. The creativity began to have more space in society, and this can be seen, for example, with the phenomenon that led to the arrival of the Beatles and the fact that movies no longer suffered such a profound censorship process.
The counterculture of the 1960s clearly distinguishes itself from anti-authoritarianism, for example, a movement that opposed the principle of absolute government and advocated civil liberties and the equality of all citizens in the eyes of the law. After the First World War , the "birth explosion" resulted in the emergence of a number of potentially disappointed youth at the head of the restructuring of the democratic society.
The abundance The post-war period allowed many people of the counterculture generation to focus on priorities different from those of their parents, who had been immersed in the typical concerns of the Depression era. Another characteristic feature of this era is that a significant portion of the behaviors and causes that represented them were assimilated soon by society, although the counterculture was formed by a clear minority. It is worth mentioning that many consider the murder of John F. Kennedy as the starting point of the counterculture.