The etymology of the term coat it is not clear: it could derive from Italian casacca or from french casaque, as indicated by Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) in your dictionary. The concept refers to a article of clothing that fits the body and that many times is a uniform .
In ancient times, the clothing that was worn tight, with a straight neck that did not bend and that closed around a bowtie was called a jacket. These coats had buttons and ended in skirt . Although it was mainly a male garment, there were also the jackets for women . The jackets were also used by the students to go to the study centers.
It must be established that experts in fashion and design are clear that one of the most important garments in history has been the coat, also called justacorps. And it is that they affirm that it became an essential piece of the clothing of French life there by the second half of the seventeenth century.
During all that time he changed his appearance. Thus, for example, it began with short sleeves and then became long and much narrower so that, at the height of the elbow, it would widen and take several turns.
So much weight was getting that garment in the aforementioned gala life that, little by little, it was spreading throughout the rest of Europe. Thus, it became a pledge of class, elegance and distinction. To Spain, for example, this clothing arrived with the denomination of French dress or chamberga. It began to be introduced and popularized on the occasion of the wedding of Maria Luisa de Orleans, the niece of the French king, with Carlos II.
And not only that but in France King Louis XIV himself made the decision to establish that these jackets were of a certain color for his most important courtiers. So much so that they began to wear blue ones embroidered with silver and gold.
Moreover, what was called the patent coat was shaped. This was what only the knights chosen by the king had to wear. They were gentlemen who had the honor of being able to accompany the monarch.
Currently the notion refers to different kinds of clothes. In some countries , casaca is used as a synonym for T-shirt or of shirt , especially those that use football teams . For example: “The Argentine player will wear the Sevilla jacket in the next season”, “The Italian club surprised to present a black jacket”, "The forward, grateful, threw his coat to supporters as a gift".
There are regions where casaca is used as a synonym for jacket : a garment that extends to below the hip, is open at the front and has sleeves. Even the idea of a jacket can be equivalent to tails (the male garment with skirts behind, which reaches the waist area in front).
In some areas of Central America Finally, casaca is a adjective that qualifies something that is false or liar : "What you said is a jacket!", “What politicians declare is usually pure jacket”.