The etymology of axiology takes us to the french word axiology, which, in turn, comes from the Greek. Specifically, it is the result of the sum of three clearly defined components of that language:
-The adjective "axios", which can be translated as "valuable."
-The noun "logos", which is synonymous with "treaty".
-The suffix "-ia", which is used to indicate "quality".
Axiology is a theory or a specialty of philosophy which is centered on the stock analysis .
To understand what axiology is, we must first know what is meant by value in the philosophical field. In this framework, a value is a quality that is part of a reality (an object or a subject). In this way, objects and subjects are estimated according to the values they have.
The axiology is responsible for studying the values: their nature, the judgments that develop from them, etc. It can be said that a value is a principle to establish a judgment, that is why axiology is related to the ethics .
As system , axiology is used for identification and measurement of values . Therefore it is often expressed that axiology is responsible for studying how individuals determine the value they attach to things.
Thanks to axiology, it is possible to establish certain parameters that contribute to understanding the thinking of Humans . There are subjective values , objective values , dynamic values , permanent values and other types of values. These values are organized differently in each individual and influence their behavior. The sum of all these behaviors configures the mode of action of a society .
By helping to understand how values are established, axiology can contribute to a change in acts from a ethical perspective .
In addition to all of the above, we cannot ignore the existence of what is known as legal axiology. This is the one that is responsible for what the legal values are, hence proceed to determine what the values should prevail when shaping the right or directly proceed to apply it.
It is based on principles such as justice, due process, legal certainty or the so-called effective guardianship.
Of course, we must not forget the existence of what is known as education axiology or educational axiology. As the name implies, it revolves around values related to education. It is considered that the same revolves around several basic principles such as these:
-The values are fixed and immutable.
-The values, although chosen, can be cultivated in different ways.
-The values are also specific reasons and criteria for behavior.
-Educational values and cultural values are the basis of education in general and of this type of axiology in particular. Hence we have to work around them with the students.