The idea from absenteeism it refers to the absence of a person from a place where he must fulfill an obligation or develop a function. School , for its part, is that linked to the school (an educational center dedicated to primary and / or secondary education).
From these concepts we can advance in the definition of truancy . The notion refers to recurring student absences to its school . This means that the phenomenon of school absenteeism refers to the non-attendance of students to classes They should take according to their course.
There is a type of truancy that has justification : if a child gets a disease You cannot attend school because you need to rest and follow a medical treatment. In addition, if you go to the educational center you could infect your classmates. In these cases, the absenteeism is temporary and it is expected that the student, when recovering, returns to classes.
Other causes of school absenteeism, on the other hand, are due to economic and social problems and generate that the student finally leaves school. If a young person does not have money to travel to the educational establishment or to acquire study materials, it is likely that he will end up leaving behind his academic training. Not finishing school, said person You will have serious problems to enter the labor market or to access well-paid jobs. For these reasons, minimizing school reduction is one of the authorities' objectives. The granting of scholarships and financial aid is a common mechanism to combat dropout .
Outside of physical disorders and economic problems, there are certain causes of school absenteeism related to the emotional level of the person. The different stages of school education can present challenges that not all students are prepared to overcome, and the impossibility of adapt The environment usually leads to the decision to miss classes.
When an individual feels that he does not find his own space, that there is no place reserved for him in the group of students that has been assigned to him, several may arise. behaviors in response to such lack of belonging: one possibility is to assume the suffering of undergoing an unpleasant and forced experience, which does not allow it to develop with the same freedom that others enjoy; on the other hand, it is common to opt for school absenteeism as a defense mechanism .
While for many school absenteeism due to emotional issues may seem a lack of Will , the student who decides to miss school to avoid the anguish generated by the experience does not feel the same, but is protected from the damage caused by that area in which he believes he cannot breathe. It is a short-term solution, which has serious consequences as soon as the institution's authorities begin to take action and communicate the situation to the family.
One of the most immediate consequences of school absenteeism is the accumulation of work and exams , which begin to form an overwhelming mountain. If it was already difficult for the student to face a normal rhythm every day, to feel that the next time he shows up at school he will have to deliver a considerable volume of homework and pass several late exams only makes things worse.
On the other hand are the students who aspire to the award for perfect assistance , which can only be achieved if they are not absent once during the entire period. As in the previous case, this can also reflect emotional problems, even if they are channeled in the opposite way.