Anhedonia , notion that comes from the French word anhédonie, is a term used in the field of psychology to refer to the lack of ability to experience pleasure . Anhedonia, in this way, is associated with absence of satisfaction in the activities that take place.
We have to establish that Anhedonia is a neologism that was coined in the last stages of the 19th century, specifically in the year 1896, by the French psychologist Théodule A. Ribot. More exactly he used it for the first time in his work entitled "Psychology of feelings."
That shaped him using certain components of the Greek such as the following:
-The prefix "an-", which can be used to indicate denial.
-The noun "hedoné", which can be translated as "pleasure".
-The suffix "-ia", which is used to establish a quality.
It can be said that anhedonia is a classic symptom of depression : the person no longer finds positive elements in the actions that, in general, were pleasant. Beyond depression, anhedonia also appears in the Schizoid personality Disorder and in certain types of dementia .
There are several causes that can cause anhedonia in a person. Among those are from depression to drugs, schizophrenia or even that the brain interrupts the production of dopamine, which is responsible for the human being has pleasant sensations.
In order to make the diagnosis of anhedonia, it must be established that there is what has been called Chapman's scales. There are two types of questionnaires that come to diagnose that disorder and even the degree of it or the causes that may be generating it.
These scales can determine that they are based on questions related to the ability of the individual to have satisfaction at the social level, the possibility of suffering schizophrenia or depression ...
It should also be noted that there is no single treatment for anhedonia. Specifically, based on the causes that caused it, the psychologist will proceed to determine one or the other.
Experts often distinguish between two phases of anhedonia. That linked to dissatisfaction with the result of a action (that is, the enjoyment it provides) is called consummatory anhedonia . The motivational anhedonia , for its part, is associated with the lack of motivation to develop the action in question.
It is also possible to differentiate between physical anhedonia and the social anhedonia . Physical anhedonia arises from the lack of pleasure in the face of typical physical stimuli: the individual does not enjoy sexual intercourse or food, for example. Social anhedonia, on the other hand, is related to the absence of enjoyment in ties with others people , as in a conversation.
Anhedonia, in short, obeys a lack of reaction or response of the subject before positive stimuli . He human being It blocks the normal reception of these stimuli and, in this way, fails to feel the pleasure that they should provide and even experienced before.