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Puncture , a word whose etymological root is in Latin punctum. This word, in turn, derives from the verb "pungere", which can be translated as "prick" or "puncture."

That is a term that is usually used in the medicine to name the practice that consists of insert a needle or similar instrument into the body .

What allows a puncture is to extract, from the organism , a liquid . That liquid is then analyzed to make a diagnosis and to determine which treatment to follow according to the condition in question.

The lumbar puncture , for example, is carried out to obtain cerebrospinal fluid . This practice is used to diagnose meningitis, hydrocephalus, sclerosis Multiple and other disorders.

Those who undergo such a puncture should not only lie down a few hours after it but also wait at least 48 hours to know the results obtained with the samples.

It is important to know that this practice, which is essential in many cases and that is very safe as a rule, does entail a series of minimum and specific risks. Specifically, these include headaches, hemorrhages, injuries in what is the spinal cord, infections of various kinds and even pain in the back area.

The ovarian puncture , on the other hand, is performed in the ovarian follicles to achieve the recovery of the ovules . With the ovules already removed, it is possible to perform in vitro fertilization and start an assisted reproduction treatment. This puncture is performed in an operating room, usually using local anesthesia to reduce patient discomfort.

In the same way there is also the so-called abdominal puncture, which is what is done in the so-called abdominal cavity in order to extract fluid from it. For what? Basically to be able to know if the person in question is suffering an infection or has an excess of fluid. But not only that, with this test and its relevant results it can be detected if the patient suffers from liver cirrhosis, some type of kidney disease, a pathology that is affecting the pancreas or even a tumor.

This last test is also known as peritoneal puncture or paracentesis.

All this without overlooking the breast or biopsy puncture that is what allows small samples of breast tissue. The goal of having these is to be able to diagnose if the woman has nodules or microcalcifiations, for example.

It is known as emergency puncture from the airway to the emergency procedure to allow a person Breathe in certain cases. The doctor will make an incision in the larynx when, due to inflammation or obstruction, the subject cannot breathe normally and it is not possible to appeal to an endotracheal tube.

The digital puncture Finally, it consists of pricking a finger to extract a blood sample from its tip. After discarding the first drop due to its possible contamination with other fluids, the drops of blood following to carry out different studies.

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