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Intensive agriculture

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farming is the set of tasks that involve till and cultivate the land to obtain food and different raw materials that are used in the most varied production processes. Intensive , on the other hand, is an adjective that alludes to what is carried out with a intensity or energy greater than usual .

It is called intensive agriculture to the agricultural activity that fully exploit the means of production . Such intense use of the productive means can be developed in terms of capitalization , the supplies wave workforce .

Take the case of a system of intensive agriculture that appeals to a constant capitalization. In this case, the activity will require large sums of money to develop facilities that allow controlling the environment. When the pressure on labor is intensified, on the other hand, it becomes necessary to have many workers to carry out the cultivation or harvesting tasks. As for inputs, an example of intensive agriculture occurs with those flowers that require the application of multiple products so that, in the markets, they look in good condition.

In general, it can be said that intensive agriculture bets on get big productions in small spaces . It is usual to focus on just one product , deriving all resources to its exploitation.

The use of pesticides , fertilizers and other agrochemicals and a high amount of fuel is frequent in intensive agriculture to increase the productivity of the land .

It is important to mention that intensive agriculture usually has negative effects on the ecosystem , affecting the native fauna and flora and damaging the land, which may cease to be productive due to overexploitation.

When thinking about intensive agriculture in ecological environments, a very common example is the method called deep bench . It is the creation of a spongy bed of soil in which vegetables grow very easily, and their roots can develop properly, in a straight line and with the expected depth. One of its main advantages is that does not demand the presence of a large surface , since it takes advantage of every square centimeter better than other methods.

The origin of the deep bank is very old, and over the decades it has received different names, among which stand out the french method, the chinese method or, as it is known in North America, simply the method. In addition to its benefits for farmers, we can also say that it does not harm the environment as much as other more aggressive practices. Its use is usually reserved for family or school gardens.

If we look in the opposite direction of intensive agriculture, we find the extensive agriculture , a production system that is characterized by making use of the natural resources that are in place, unlike the first, which seeks to maximize productivity in the shortest possible time, through processes such as drainage or irrigation, and with the help of chemicals.

Between the 1960s and 1980s, there was an increase in the number of parts of the world productivity agricultural, which became known as green revolution. This phenomenon, which began in the United States and then spread to other countries, is often referred to as a historical intensification of agriculture, and for this reason it is not uncommon for confusion to be generated with the term intensive agriculture.

Simply put, intensive agriculture and the green revolution have no relationship, mainly because the first one had its closure decades ago, but also because it simply implied a expansion of extensive agriculture.

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