Binder can be used as adjective or as noun . In the first case, it qualifies what has the capacity to agglutinate (that is, to ensure that different elements are linked together).
In the field of medicine , is named as binder to the substance or object that adheres firmly to the skin and that allows agglutinate. Binders, in this context, can contribute to healing by promoting adhesion.
A binder, on the other hand, is a substance that is used to dilute the pigments of a painting or of a varnish . These binders can not only be mixed with the different pigments, but also provide the texture that is needed so that the paint can be applied and give it strength after the drying process.
He paint drying It can develop in different ways. There are paints that are dried from the evaporation of the solvents present in the binder. In other cases, in addition to this evaporation, a reaction Chemical type that causes the paint to harden.
In addition, the idea of binder can be used in the field of linguistics . The binding languages they appeal to words that are formed from the union of independent monemas. These terms are constituted by affixes and lexemes that have already defined grammatical or referential meanings.
The concept of monema , meanwhile, refers to an abstract transformation or an irreducible sequence of phonemes that generates changes in the meaning regular and systematic where it is applied or added. In other words, we can say that it is the smallest unit of meaning of a language. Broadly speaking, we can talk about two types of monema, which are the following: lexeme , with autonomous and concrete meaning; morpheme , which may or may not depend on the union with another lexeme to acquire meaning.
Therefore, in a binder language, affixes are located in a specific site according to the meaning that one wants to create with the root. In the tongues fusing On the other hand, affixes merge with each other and take different forms according to the rest of the morphemes.
The term binder tongue It dates from 1836, when it was coined by scholar known as Wilhelm von Humboldt, one of those responsible for the founding of the current Humboldt University in Berlin. Thanks to this distinction between these languages and the mergers, it is possible to classify them according to their morphology.
However, despite the existence of these two categories, there is no clear line that separates them , but the most common way to differentiate from each other is paying attention to their tendency. To say with certainty that a language is of the binder type, we must verify that it meets the following requirements:
* that his words can be segmented into morphemes that cannot be altered because of the adjacent ones;
* that each morpho (the expression phonic morphemes) perform only one grammatical category.
In the fusing languages, among which is Spanish, we can observe the opposite. For example, our shape of denial in- it changes according to the rest of the word of which it is a part: although it is in- in the case of "untouchable", it becomes im- in "unthinkable" e to go- in "irreplaceable."
In general, in binder languages it can be seen that suffixes they clump together to the roots (which are usually monosyllabic), and so it is possible specify or modify the direction . Some examples of current binder languages are Japanese, Guarani, Euskera, Quechua, Swahili and Turkish.