The term unemployment refers to the lack of job . An unemployed person is one who is part of the active population (He is of working age) and looking for a job without getting it. This situation translates into the inability to work despite the will of the person.
Unemployment stands for unemployment (a word little used in Latin America but very common in Spain) and idleness . You can differentiate between four major types of unemployment: cyclic , seasonal , frictional and structural .
He cyclic unemployment it consists of the lack of work during a moment of economic crisis (i.e. recession). These are, in general, periods that are not too long in time and that are reversed together with the reactivation of the economy .
He seasonal unemployment arises from the seasonal fluctuation of supply and demand. The agriculture sector offers a clear example of this type of unemployment: in times of harvest, labor supply increases and unemployment tends to disappear; In the rest of the year, the reverse situation occurs.
He frictional unemployment takes place due to lack of agreement between employee and employer. The characteristics of a job do not satisfy the worker and he leaves a job in search of another. It is a temporary unemployment and is usually constant.
He structural unemployment Finally, it is the most serious since it involves a technical mismatch between the supply and demand of workers. The jobs that an economy requires are less than the number of people who need work. This situation requires the intervention of State to solve the imbalance.
Unemployment is the consequence of a series of wrong laws. Which caused that the employers, who in their beginnings were extremely excited, have lost this illusion and, discouraged, have decreased their production interests .
He working market of a society is managed based on growth. If the number of applicants for a given position increases, it is necessary that new jobs are also created. And, for this to be done, the economy is required to grow by the same percentage as the number of people seeking employment.
It is a circle that draws on its different components. If one of these fails, there is a mismatch that results in excessive employment or unemployment: people who remain unable to aspire to a job Because the market has stagnated.
To solve this problem there are no alternatives but a revision of the laws and a economic planning that drives growth. If governments do not opt for these types of measures and, instead, prefer to create subsidies to help those who are unemployed free of charge, they are covering a timely problem in NOW without anticipating tomorrow. When these people have exhausted the time in which they can receive those subsidies, will try to reintegrate without success in the labor market and the problem of that moment will be worse .
If instead, government plans bet on the economic growth, using the money from subsidies in the creation of laws that promulgate growth and encourage employers to improve production; possibly in a longer time, but also more effective, favorable results may be obtained.
In most countries there are plans to help those who have been victims of unemployment; because in the place where they worked they have reduced the workforce or because due to certain circumstances they have been left out of the market. These financial aids are calculated based on what those people have billed during your active period. In any case, it is necessary to point out that they are not intended for the people who need it most, since to access them it is necessary to meet a series of conditions. Therefore, not even at this point would such solutions to unemployment be valuable.