In order to know the meaning of the term at hand, we must proceed to discover the etymological origin of the two words that shape it:
-Contamination derives from the Latin "contaminatio" which, in turn, comes from the verb "contaminare". It is the result of the sum of the following components: the prefix "con-", which is synonymous with "together"; the root "-tag-", which means "touch"; and the instrumental component "-men".
-Ambiental also comes from Latin, in its case of “environmentalis”. This word is formed from the union of the prefix "amb-", which is synonymous with "on both sides"; the verb "ire", which means "to go"; and the suffix "-al", which is used to indicate "relative to".
The contamination is a disturbance that negatively affects the state or conditions of a medium or an element. Environmental , meanwhile, is that linked to ambient : a set of circumstances or the atmosphere surrounding something.
It is known as environmental pollution , therefore, to the consequence of a harmful change in the characteristics of environment . Pollutants make the environment result harmful or dangerous For living beings.
He human being It produces environmental pollution through multiple actions. The use of pesticides in agriculture, the use of cars they use fossil fuels or the discharge of chemical substances in rivers are just some of the behaviors that cause environmental pollution.
It is important to establish that there are various types of environmental pollution, among which the following stand out:
-Air pollution, which is, as its name suggests, the one that damages the air we breathe.
-Water pollution, whether from lakes, rivers, seas, oceans ...
-Acoustic pollution, which is the one that occurs as a result of excessive noise. It can be caused by cars, loud music, crowds of people ...
- Soil pollution, which affects the earth due, among other things, to solid waste and waste, to toxic products ...
Pollution, in turn, gives rise to various phenomena. One of the best known is the greenhouse effect , linked to a weakening of the ozone layer that is produced by the use of certain gases.
All people , throughout their life, they contribute in some way to environmental pollution. Subjects with greater awareness of these problems, however, try to reduce their ecological footprint. But any individual who drives a car, uses an electrical appliance, throws a paper in the street or leaves a plastic bottle on the beach is making a contribution to environmental pollution.
To avoid that the level of pollution ends up seriously affecting life or even preventing subsistence, it is essential to try to minimize the ecological footprint and that governments Decree control measures.
Among the most important measures against environmental pollution are society's awareness of the need to take care of the natural environment; do not throw garbage out of the indicated containers, establish measures to restrict certain polluting vehicles in cities, boost public transport ...