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Test it is an English word accepted by the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) . This concept refers to the tests aimed at assessing knowledge, skills or functions .

The word test can be used as a synonym for exam . The exams are very frequent in the educational field since they allow to evaluate the knowledge acquired by the students . Exams can be oral or written, with open-ended questions (where the student answers freely) or multiple-answer questions (the student must select the correct answer from a list).

In Spain the term is used test type test to refer to the second type of test mentioned in the previous paragraph, which presents questions With multiple possible answers. It is usually very common in universities and in foreign language teaching institutes. There are different positions regarding the validity of this methodology, since a success does not always reflect having studied, but may simply be due to luck. In fact, given that it is easier to recognize a phrase for having seen it written on another occasion than knowing a topic in depth and being able to explain it, even if a student approves without cheating, it cannot be said that he has learned.

The schools, on the other hand, seem to be the ones who benefit most from the exams, since correcting them is very simple; depending on how the questionnaires, it is absolutely possible that a computer is responsible for doing the hard work of reviewing the tests, returning a series of cold and imprecise grades that students will accept as a symbol of how much they know. The problem is that in order to prepare, they must overcome a series of challenges mechanically, such as writing a narrative in less than ten minutes, which have nothing to do with the real usefulness of the knowledge that they believe is incorporating.

The tests are also used to obtain the driver's license or license . Who wants to drive a vehicle must obtain an administrative authorization, which is obtained after successfully passing an exam. He who drives without a license is missing from the law.

The psychological tests On the other hand, they are tools that allow to evaluate or measure the psychological characteristics of a subject. The answers given by a person they are compared through statistical or qualitative methods with the responses of other individuals who completed the same test, which allows a classification to be made.

The branch of the psychology which is responsible for measuring personality traits and mental abilities is known as psychometry . In many schools it is mandatory to subject students to psychometric tests to warn of potential problems of adaptation and learning.

In software development, it is imperative that a part of the process is dedicated to examining the product, looking for potential failures to correct them before launching it to the market. This is much more complex than it may seem to an inexperienced user who only wants to meet a specific need through a program. It takes many teams of people testing the programs for months in an organized and gradual way, trying to go all possible paths, acting as much as consumers will do in an unusual way, almost causing errors, to ensure the strength of the applications and their resistance to inevitable misuse.

Finally, it should be noted that a genetic test It is a biochemical procedure that analyzes a person's DNA, RNA, chromosomes, proteins and metabolites to detect genotypes, mutations, phenotypes or karyotypes linked to hereditary diseases. In this way, it is possible to determine the predisposition of the individual to develop said diseases.

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