Delirium It is a term that has its origin in the Latin word delirium. This notion is used to name an alteration of the mind that leads to a person to hallucinate and to have incoherent thoughts .
By extension, it is known as delirium to the manifestation of such thoughts in words, actions, etc. For example: "What you said is a delirium: how am I going to quit work if I need the money?", “Parachute jumping at 90 is a delirium”, “The movie seemed like a delirium: the characters changed their names in each scene”.
For the psychology , delirium is a symptom of a psychotic disorder in which the individual believes things that are not part of reality. It is not a misunderstanding, handling false information or a passing mistake: delirium is pathological and has its cause in a disease .
A delirium, therefore, is a belief that is sustained and defended without logic, cannot be verified through experience and is inappropriate for the culture of the person in question. The subject reveals an abnormal thought (out of the ordinary and expected) to defend his idea even if, from reason, he is proven false or inconvenient.
In everyday language, the concept of delirium is used to name a draft or a wish of a person that cannot be fulfilled in reality or that, at least, will be very difficult to carry out. If a man fifty-year-old who was never a professional athlete says that his dream is to play alongside Lionel messi at FC Barcelona , your family and friends will be able to affirm that your goal is a "delirium".
Paranoid delusions, which should not be confused with paranoid schizophrenia, often settle on the personality, although the same does not always happen the other way around: delirium is not necessarily a result of personality paranoid, but arises from a psycho-affective conflict.
Reality is overwhelmed by a series of meanings that, little by little, become part of delirium; Although the perception of the outside is correct, its representation is affected, so that the subjectivity exceeds in objectivity the objectivity.
It is important to note that individuals suffering from paranoid delirium create their own justifications for their interpretation of the world around them, so they are able to explain it through logic and give it a plausible appearance. It is a solid system, consisting of a series of well-established ideas that are organized and enriched as the disorder progresses.
Some of the most known types of paranoid delirium are the following:
* of persecution: This is the most common. Those who suffer tend to interpret and explain everything that happens to them, stating that everything revolves around the persecution of which they are victims. They convince themselves to be constantly threatened by people who envy them and wish them evil, and very often they don't make significant progress in the lifetime because of these supposed obstacles;
* hypochondriac: belongs to the delirium of claim. The subject always claims to suffer from a disorder or illness, to which he constantly seeks medical assistance, without achieving the success he expects, and this results in repeated claims;
* celotypic: jealousy prevents the subject from enjoying a love relationship, since there is a constant idea that the other person is unfaithful, or wants to be. It is common to decide to investigate their partners, either directly or indirectly, and the sensation from being deceived it grows until it becomes unsustainable for both parties.