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The concept of schizophrenia has its origin in two Greek terms: schizo ("division" , "cleavage" ) and phrenos ("mind" ). Who suffers from this disorder presents, in a few words, a mind split in two: a portion that relates to reality and another that interacts, to a greater or lesser degree, with an imaginary world.

It is often believed that the first manifestations of this disease They occur at the beginning of adolescence, but several cases of children with schizophrenia have come to light in recent years. The difficulty of diagnosis in young people is that the symptoms are often confused with those of the autism or, in mild cases, with a lack of school adaptation.

In 2009, Oprah Winfrey, a well-known American television presenter, issued a documentary about a 7-year-old girl, Jani Schofield, with a particularly severe degree of schizophrenia. This creature assured live with dozens of beings , especially animals, that were actively related to her, despite being invisible to other people . Each and every one of them had a proper name and lived in a place called "Calalini", which was, in the words of Jani, in the limit Between his world and the real one. As usual, some of these imaginary beings used to ask the girl to perform acts violent , like hurting other people or breaking things.

But to detect schizophrenia, it is not necessary to wait for such characteristic attitudes to arise. When reviewing footage of when Jani was just months old, for example, you can see that the girl used to look at a point where there seemed to be nothing . Also, contrary to what normal In a newborn baby, he slept for periods no longer than 30 minutes and a total of no more than 4 hours a day, against the expected 16 hours. Another interesting fact is that at age 5, he suddenly began to demand that she be called by another name, ensuring that Jani was not correct.

Schizophrenics tend to rave, have problems with conduct and emotional and think illogically. Contact with people who do not suffer from this disease is very difficult, since the influence of the imaginary world is very strong and impossible to ignore. The hallucinations , which suppose a distortion of what is perceived, can be visual or audible, and patients usually have fluid conversations and interact with them as if they were really present . The fear of potential attacks by family members and the feeling of a plot against the person are very common and are the characters of the mind who warn them of these dangers.

It is possible to distinguish various types of schizophrenia, among which are:

* paranoid schizophrenia: the most common, characterized by delusions and auditory hallucinations. The feeling of persecution is frequent, distorting irrelevant situations to make them mockery or acts of contempt by close or unknown people.

* disorganized schizophrenia: often people who can not fend for themselves, have behaviors of regression and communicate incoherently, easily losing the thread of a conversation.

* catatonic schizophrenia: characterized by motor dysfunctions, poor hours of sleep and hyperactivity. Violence acts are frequent, as well as the adoption of strange poses for long periods, in which many times they skip meals and lose control of the bladder and bowel.

Although the origins of schizophrenia have not yet been determined, it has been recognized that genes , social conditioning, stress and certain pathologies that develop during the pregnancy stage have an impact. However, there are as many contradictions as theories, which it hinders both its detection and the appropriate choice of treatments .

It is important to note that, although schizophrenia is a chronic condition , it is absolutely possible to improve the patient's quality of life. The psychotherapy and the supply of certain drugs They are part of medical recommendations to treat schizophrenic symptoms and achieve the highest possible degree of social integration. It is essential to keep these people connected to reality through constant stimuli, which is very difficult, given the absorbent nature of the imaginary world and its manipulative characters.

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