Originating in a Greek word that derived in the Latin term academy, a academy is a scientific, literary or artistic society established with public authority.
The word arises in Greece from the mythological hero Let's add , which had a house with a garden, a park and a gym to the northeast of Athens , land that was acquired by the well-known philosopherPlato in the year 384 BC with the purpose of imparting natural sciences, dialectics and mathematics.
In the year 529 , the Byzantine emperor Justiniano I decreed the closure of this institution as considered pagan. Until that date, the philosophical school founded by Plato had evolved, so you can distinguish between former academy , second academy and new academy .
At present, the academy is a Teaching establishment of a professional, artistic, technical or practical nature . They are generally related to training in foreign languages and computer science, and usually carry out aggressive advertising campaigns. Many people believe that in order to learn something, a teacher's guardianship is necessary, and that if a degree is received at the end of the course, it is more valid. It is thanks to this conception of the study that many academies remain that offer mediocre services at excessive prices.
Taking programming as an example, it is a discipline which requires a lot of study and dedication; Not only does it lead to the learning of several languages and its consequent practice so as not to forget the syntax of each one, but it implies constant research to keep abreast of technological advances and share knowledge with other programmers. However, many people are unaware of the passion and dedication necessary to devote themselves to this field and believe that an intensive course is enough.
The notion is also used to name the board that fans attend Arts and the sciences . In the field of painting and sculpture, the academy is the study of a whole and naked figure , which is taken from the natural and is not part of a composition.
On the other hand, Academy is the name by which Racing Club , an Argentine club based in the city of Hazelnut (Buenos Aires province ). It was founded on March 25, 1903 and acquired the nickname after obtaining nine titles (seven consecutive) in the amateur era and becoming the first Argentine team of the professional era to get a local three-time championship.
Within the world of music, the National Academy of Santa Cecilia It is an institution based in Rome that has seen many of the most important figures in the world pass through the classrooms of its conservatory, such as Cecilia Bartoli and Sumi Jo, and whose orchestra participates in recognized recordings by directors of the stature of Myung-whun Chung. Its foundation dates back to 1585 and is named after the patron saint of music, whose birth day (November 22) was adopted internationally as Music Day.
Another academy of great international recognition is the Royal Spanish Academywhose acronym is RAE, and is just one of the twenty-two institutions cultural that make up the Association of Academies of the Spanish Language. Its main objective is a thorough study of the linguistic differences between Spanish-speaking countries to try to unify the use of the Spanish language, constantly adapting it to social trends, as happened with the word "yogourt" (originally a Turkish term and later adopted by France), which was accepted as "yogurt" given the difficulty of the majority of Spanish speakers at the time of pronouncing it and remembering its spelling.