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From the Latin word zone This is where the concept that concerns us now comes. However, it should be stressed that this, in turn, has its etymological origin in the Greek and more exactly in the term ζώνη whose meaning was that of a belt, girdle or girdle.

According to the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) , 'zone' is a noun that is used to describe both a important surface extension that has a strip or band shape as well as to the portion of a land or surface that is delimited , the territorial extension whose limits depend on issues related to politics and administrations and one girdle or list .

From the perspective of the geography , the zones are each of the five portions in which the terrestrial surface is segmented due to the tropics and polar circles.

However, in this geographical sense we also have to underline that there are other criteria when establishing various areas of this type. In this way it is common to talk about the Euro Zone or Eurozone, which is made up of all those countries of the old continent that are part of the European Union and that have carried out the adoption of the euro as an official currency.

This fact, therefore, leads to the creation of a monetary union of which a total of seventeen nations are currently part, among which Italy, Spain, France, Germany, Portugal, Austria or Luxembourg stand out.

In the field of geometry , on the other hand, by zone it is understood that part of the surface of a sphere that is delimited by two parallel planes .

The concept also refers, in other contexts, to Herpes zoster (also known as shingles ), which arises when the virus generator chickenpox , a disease that is characterized by appearing in the form of small blisters that appear in different parts of the body around a dermatome and that usually hurt and itch.

As it is evident, the notion of zone allows to develop multiple concepts. Urban zone , for example, is that community composed of more than two thousand inhabitants, a broad development of infrastructure and a preponderance of the secondary sector (industrial sector) and tertiary (focused on services).

A free zone On the other hand, it is understood as a geographical area that is reserved for industrialization for export purposes, in which customs legislation is applied differently or, directly, does not apply.

In the sports field, the term we are now addressing is also very important. And more specifically in basketball. Thus, in said sports discipline, for example, there is talk of what is known as three seconds in the zone. An expression is established that when you are attacking you can not be more than that time in the restricted area of ​​the opponent.

In the same way we also talk about the scoring areas of the court. These, which are located at different distances from the basket, are what determine that the right shots of the players are worth 3, 2 or 1 point.

The erogenous zones They are also those areas of the human organism that have a greater sensitivity to others and that are stimulated to sexually wake up individual .

A Red zone Finally, it is the name that a neighborhood, locality or district receives when its jurisdiction offers businesses linked to the sex industry.

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