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The word promontorium it became our language , in promontory . The notion is used to name a earthy accumulation that reaches great height or that enters the ocean.

It can be said, therefore, that a promontory is an elevation of land compared to others that are below. The promontory can also emerge from an aquatic surface.

The geological origin of the headlands is due to the action of the erosion . The erosive agents act on the different layers of rock: those rocky areas of greater hardness resist erosion better and end up standing out against the rest of the rocks, becoming promontories.

The headlands can be known as rocks . One of the most famous in the world is the Gibraltar Rock , a limestone promontory whose top is found at 426 meters Regarding ocean level. It is situated in the Iberian Peninsula , in the southwestern European region and borders Andalusia at its northern end.

The Rock of Gibraltar is also known as Hercules column . Regarding your history , in 1713 he was transferred to the Kingdom of Great Britain through the tenth article of the Utrecht Treaty (a series of treaties signed by Utrecht, Dutch city, and Rastatt, from Germany, between 1713 and 1715; it is also known as Peace of Utrecht), after the War of Spanish Succession, which took place mainly by the death of Carlos II of Spain without leaving a decency and ended the signing of said treaty.

In the natural reserve of the Rock of Gibraltar, which occupies its upper part, inhabit two and a half hundreds of Giralbar macaques, the only one species of primate that exists in the wild in the European continent. The countless tourists who come to this promontory annually have as their main objectives the observation of these animals and a network of labyrinthine tunnels what characterize it.

Another known promontory is the Ifach Rock (the "ch" is pronounced as a "k"), located in Alicante (Spain ). This rock has become a natural Park It houses various plant and animal species. Its surface occupies 45 hectares and its altitude reaches 332 meters.

Ifach Rock presents a steep descent to the sea ; a detritic isthmus (residues, usually permanent solids, originating from the process of decomposition of animals and vegetables) unites it to the continent. Given that a third-order geodetic vertex was considered (a point that serves to find an exact geographical position), this rock has been used for triangulation of the country.

He weather Ifach rock is Mediterranean and annually there is usually an average level of precipitation of 500 mm, although it is highly irregular. Its temperature ranges between 10 and 26 ° C, with extremes easy to bear, both in winter and in summer. In addition to a varied vegetation, which includes palm hearts, sea grapes and honeysuckle, it has animals such as the peregrine falcon, the gannet and the yellow-legged gull. From the top of this impressive headland, which can be easily accessed through two highways, it is possible to observe the Santa Pola cape and the island of Formentera.

Due to their natural characteristics, many headlands have been used for the construction of castles and powerful . The promontories offered the necessary height for these buildings to acquire a unique defensive capacity, since those who were inside could observe those who approached the plain. On the other hand, being on the top of a promontory, they were hard-to-reach buildings. He Benidorm castle is an example of this kind of works .

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