He educational process covers various actions that tend to the transmission of knowledge and values . There are people who are dedicated to teaching and others who receive these teachings, learning from them.
It can be said, therefore, that in the educational process the teaching process and the learning process . The latter covers everything related to the reception and assimilation of knowledge transmitted.
The learning process is individual, although it is carried out in a specific social environment. For the development of this process , the individual starts various cognitive mechanisms that allow you to internalize the new information that is being offered and thus turn it into useful knowledge.
This means that each person develop a different learning process according to their cognitive ability. This does not imply that the possibility of learning is already determined from birth: from physical issues such as feeding even psychological issues like the stimulation , there are numerous factors that affect the ability to learning of a subject.
For the learning process to be successful, it is not enough for the person in the role of student to memorize what is taught. After becoming aware of the information, you must understand, analyze and judge it to be in a position to Apply the data. If the process is successful, the individual will have acquired knowledge and values that can even modify their conduct .
It is important to highlight that there is no single learning process. Throughout life, we all develop different learning processes: in the school , in the college , at job , in the family home , etc.
Stages of the learning process
One of the most fascinating aspects of learning is that it takes us from a point where we absolutely ignore the existence of one concept to another in which we can master it and apply it skillfully in various fields. This happens to both people and other animals, and there are four well-defined stages that serve to understand what happens in our brain Step by Step:
1) Unconscious Incompetence
Before learning something new for us, it is normal for us not to be aware of not knowing it, perhaps because we did not need it until that moment, or because we were not yet in a position to do so. To understand this first stage of the learning process with a daily example, let's think about the first time that a young child is in front of a computer, a mobile phone or any other device; before his discovery, he did not feel anguish at not knowing how to use them, since I was not aware of its existence and, much less, of enjoyment and Benefits They could give you.
2) Conscious Incompetence
In this second stage, we charge awareness of our lack of knowledge. For this reason, we began to pay attention to the details we previously ignored completely, to try to satisfy this new need that was born in us . Continuing with the previous example, the child faces his incompetence in the use of the mentioned devices and decides to overcome it by approaching them.
3) Conscious competition
After much practice, we managed to develop new skills that allow us to develop successfully in this area that we did not know a short time ago. Along with conscious incompetence, this is one of two stages crucial of the learning process.
4) Unconscious competition
This is the point at which we have internalized the new knowledge and can use them without being aware of it. Unlike forced learning, typical of system Educational, which consists of memorizing a series of concepts to pass an exam, we reach unconscious competence when we make this information part of us.