Pin
Send
Share
Send


Plague It is a term derived from Latin pestis and that refers to a disease of severity that can be spread among those affected and that has a high mortality rate. A bacterium called Yersinia pestis is responsible for causing this evil that affects the human being And about the animals.

It is often said that the plague is the infectious disease that has caused the most deaths throughout history. To understand its scope, we can remember the pandemic that developed in the XIV century in the European continent and it became known as Black Death : the figures speak of more than 25 million fatalities. It is believed that the magnitude of the pandemic was due to a variety of the mentioned bacteria.

Within the scope of literature we come across works that revolve around the plague or use it in their titles.

Thus, for example, we find the book "Tales of the plague." It is a play by the master Mario Vargas Llosa that tells how several young people are locked in a mansion on the outskirts of the city, which is being ravaged by the plague. A confinement that will take the opportunity to tell all kinds of stories, talking about love, power, humor ...

It should not be overlooked either that the black plague becomes one of the main protagonists of the novel "A world without end", the second part of "The pillars of the Earth." The British writer Ken Follet is the author of that, in which, in addition to the personal lives of the central characters, an approach is made to how that serious illness wreaked havoc among the population of the fourteenth century.

According to the type of infection and to the characteristics of the disease, one can distinguish between different kinds of pests. The bubonic plague It is the most widespread: it occurs when an individual is stung by a flea that, in turn, was housed in a rodent I had the infection. Another possibility is that the person comes into contact with a material contaminated by the bacillus. High fever, swollen glands and headache are some of the symptoms of bubonic plague.

If the bacteria attack the lungs, we are facing a case of lung plague . The infection, in these cases, can spread through the air and its inhalation. Small drops of saliva from an infected person may be enough for them to spread their disease.

It should be noted that the concept of plague is also used to name any type of illness ("I don't feel well, I must have some plague"), to something unpleasant or of poor quality ("That's a pestilence, get it away from me"), to what it can cause problems or damages ("He alcoholism it's a pest for this town ”) and what is in Big number (“The teenage plague invaded the shopping centers in the winter holidays”).

However, the term plague is also often used with other meanings. Thus, for example, colloquially it is used to indicate a bad smell or to refer to something or someone that is considered to cause great harm.

There is also a colloquial verbal phrase that also uses it. It's about "saying someone's plague." What she tries to express with her is that an individual is talking fatally about another person criticizing their attitude, their way of being or their way of behaving.

Black Death

Also known as bubonic plague or black death, it left an indelible mark in the fourteenth century, reaching the most devastating point between 1347 and 1353. In addition to the 25 million human beings who died in Europe, as mentioned in a previous paragraph. , it is estimated that the number of victims in the Asian continent it was around 50 million.

Studies carried out today indicate that the black plague began in Asia and it was through trade routes that it extended to Europe. The sailors took it unknowingly to Messina, a city in southern Italy, and thus began the second phase of the attack of this devastating pandemic. It is worth mentioning that while true zones they lost all their inhabitants, others were not affected at all by the plague, or suffered it slightly.

To cite some of the data specific: only 20% of the population could be saved from the Italian city of Florence; In the territory that currently belongs to Germany, history tells us that the casualties amounted to 10% of its inhabitants, with the majority of deaths in the cities of Bremen, Hamburg and Cologne, and the minority in the east.

To level Social, the black plague had very serious consequences. For example, Jews were accused of having caused the pandemic through the poisoning of wells (the contamination of drinking water networks deliberately caused to harm third parties) and food poisoning. This resulted in Jewish pogroms in various parts of the European continent, which ended many of their communities as unfairly as atrociously.

Pin
Send
Share
Send